Coconut: Properties and Benefits

The coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm (name Scientific Cocos nucifera), a plant belonging to the family Arecaceae and originating in Indonesia; it is a plant that can live for several years, even more than 100, and which can exceed 35 meters in height. Its leaves are very long, typically measured from 4 to 6 meters.

The coconut is cultivated in almost all tropical countries, specifically in Thailand, India, and Indonesia; at the time of purchase, in order to be able to check the freshness, it's good to shake it to make sure there is water in it. The absence of the latter will undoubtedly undermine the freshness.
In addition to the entire coconut you can find it on sale in several ways: dried, soaked in milk, grated and grilled.
Coconut: Properties and benefits
The coconut is made for about 50 % of water, from 9.4 % of fibers, from 14% carbohydrates, 10% from sugars and lipids.
The quantity of minerals present in coconut is discrete, we have zinc, potassium, iron, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium and magnesium.

In terms of vitamins coconut contains Vitamin B1, B2 (in small proportion), B3, B5 and B6, ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, vitamin E, K and J.
Regarding the amino acids these are the ones present in larger percentage: glutamic acid, arginine, aspartic acid, phenylalanine, glycine, isoleucina, serine, threonine, and cystine.


Benefits and Curative Properties of Coconut

As the coconut is rich in potassium it is an excellent tonic food to replenish the minerals in case of need; the good presence of vitamin B and C makes it useful in the treatment of certain disorders which may be weak in general, problems with nervous and urinary disorders. According to some studies, the coconut would help to eliminate the excess air present in the stomach and intestines, and would also have useful properties in order to eliminate the toxins present in the digestive tract.

The water of the coconut is a food characterized by many properties and benefits which are expressed in relation to the human body: it contains very little fat, many trace elements, minerals and vitamins that help to maintain a healthy body. His assumption generates benefits to the immune system strengthening it, has positive effects on the nervous system, helps digestion, and has regenerative properties at the cellular level.
The coconut water, due to its properties, is considered a good substitute for blood plasma as it is a sterile substance that does not destroy red blood cells and is easily tolerated by the human body.
In fact, during World War II and later during the Vietnam War, coconut water was directly injected to the injured when the blood serum was not available.
Coconut Curiosity
Coconut oil  is extracted from the dried pulp of the coconut; it is used for feeding the preparation of butter and margarine, and is primarily used in the cosmetic field in the preparation of creams and ointments for the treatment of the skin and in the manufacture of soaps.

Every part of the coconut is used: with the leaves weaving baskets and covers for the roofs, from the flowers is extracted a very sweet sap that is used for the preparation of an alcoholic beverage called "Toddy", the wood for the construction of furniture and handles of umbrella is obtained from the trunk.

The coconut not still open can be stored for a period of about 4 months, once opened, however, you must return it to the refrigerator and cover it with water, better if the one contained in its interior, for not more than 4 or 5 days.

Because of its shape resembling a bit that of the human skull, the coconut was considered sacred in some populations of antiquity so to be sacrificed to the gods in place of a human head.

In India plays a more important role, in fact, give a coconut during a marriage, is a symbol of good luck and prosperity.

Thanks to its properties and good fat content, coconut oil is particularly recommended as a natural remedy for dry skin; constant use makes the skin much softer.
The Coconut Milk
The coconut milk should not be confused with the water that is inside the Walnut; in fact, it is the liquid that is obtained by crushing the coconut meat with water followed by filtration. In some islands of the South Seas coconut milk is still being used as an alternative to drink milk for weaning babies.
It can also be prepared at home by grating a couple of ounces of fresh coconut meat which can then be covered with double the amount of hot water; once cooled you can filter all with a cotton cloth to squeeze out well at the end. The coconut milk does not contain lactose, abounds with acid lauric acid, also present in human milk, and has been shown to have useful properties to bone health. You can find it on the market, often in cans on the shelves of hypermarkets.
Coconut: Properties and benefits
Coconut: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Coconut is highly nutritious and is recommended for those who want to gain weight; 100 gr. of edible pulp in fact provide 360 calories.
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